Megalithic culture on the Hümling

Submitted by Jürgen Tenckhoff on Wed, 03/30/2022 - 18:58

Anyone who deals with Stone Age buildings may first think of England's world-famous stone circle called Stonehenge. But also individually standing menhirs (Celtic/large stone), rows of stones (French/alignements), cromlechs (Welsh/curvature) and dolmens (Breton/stone table) are well-known designations for buildings whose age is estimated at 3000 to 5000 years. The different languages ​​already show that these are not regionally limited architectural or structural achievements. These constructions, which, in addition to being of cultural importance as temples and tombs, often also fulfill astronomical functions, were built almost simultaneously on all continents of the world.

That is why some scientists also speak of the world of megalithic without being able to explain how the knowledge about this architecture could be shared worldwide 5000 years ago without advanced communication possibilities?

We don't even try to make a contribution to the various theories of the world of megalithic, but limit ourselves to the presentation of these amazing buildings that we were able to visit on the continents.

In this series, we start our journey into the Early Stone Age in Lower Saxony, more precisely on the Hümmling in Emsland.

There are well-preserved long and box graves, some of which were built with so-called dolmens. We visited the following graves:

1. King's grave of Groß Berssen
2. De hoogen Steener
3. Poldenhunenstones
4. Large stone grave in Ipeken, also Groß Berßen II
5. Ipeken Tannwald
6. Megalithic tombs near Lahn - Kölkesdose and Kölkesberg
7. The Coat of Arms Tomb
8. Mansen hills
9. Megalithic tomb in the Kunkenvenne

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Picture 1: The royal tomb of Groß Berßen, also known as Groß-Berßen VIII, is a Neolithic passage grave with the Sprockhoff no. 860

 

Picture 2: De hoogen Steener (high German: the high stones) north of Werlte with the Sprockhoff no. 830

 

Picture 3: The Poldenhünensteine in the municipality of Spahnharrenstätte with the Sprockhoff no. 829

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Picture 4: The megalithic tomb in the Ipeken, also known as Groß Berßen II, is a Neolithic passage grave with the Sprockhoff no. 857

 

Picture 5: Large cairn in Ipeken I - fir forest with the Sprockhoff no. 856

 

Picture 6: Large cairn Lahn

 

Picture 7: The coat of arms grave near Groß-Berßen

 

Picture 8: The Mansen Mountains on the municipal boundary between Groß- and Klein Berßen in Emsland are one of the largest burial mounds in western Lower Saxony

 

Picture 9: The megalithic tomb in the Kunkenvenne, also known as the Thuine megalithic tomb, Sprockhoff no. 874